1) Research and finding your inspirations
Thorough research on your target market, trends, demand, and competition should happen before starting any design or purchasing materials. Google trend is an excellent tool to use, as rich data from Google’s keyword searches are presented based on popularity by periods and regions. 
Once your analysis is complete, the gathering of inspirations can help guide your design, whether it’s minimal, funky, or traditional. You can organize all your inspirational images into a single layout, typically known as a Moodboard. Adobe Sparksniice, are some tools that can help you, but my go-to app is Pinterest, its free, its free, as it’s easy to discover and organize your inspirations efficiently. You can use Pinterest as a marketing tool to launch your product!
2) Define and Design
Identifying your requirements by knowing the intended use and the ideal customer will help you create meaningful outcomes for your market. Gem City Apron has plans to sell to local coffee shops with an add-on opportunity for brand customization; servers will wear these aprons, requiring bigger pockets to store devices, menus, and personal items. 
When defining your design style, you should reference your moodboard often to align with design consistency. For this apron, the desired outcome is a minimal design as fewer seams will keep production costs down and give clearance for embroidered logos. Upcycled products usually require some patchwork to create the textiles since the yardage is rather small. 
The final design consists of three horizontal panels with exposed seams showing hints of pop color from the exposed seams. The odd number of panels gives the design visual interest while maintaining a beautifully minimal design; the centered pocket adds a sense of balance within the overall apron. A simple way to produce variations is to use high-contrast color serging threads or denim wash.

Technical Drawing
When finalizing your design, it is helpful to create a detailed sketch known as a technical drawing. The illustration shows all the seams, stitching, finishings, and trimmings used to make the product, as it will help with figuring out your cost structure for manufacturing. 
(see below)​​​​​​​
3) Finding the Right Denim Material.
Denim has always been a cotton warp-faced textile ever since its inception. The '80s brought introduced spandex, elastane, and polyester to give way for new body-hugging silhouettes. As a rule of thumb, you always want to use the same tensile strength fabrics within a single garment. Mixing stretch with non-stretch materials will not yield good results. 
There wasn't a need to use stretched materials for this apron, and women's jeans contain too many variations of mixed fibers that would require more work to source, thus eliminating them from our choice. 
An excellent way to find what you are looking for is to thrift for yourself; based on my experience, I have noticed some stores with a huge selection of men's cotton jeans size 40 +. Rarely will you find men's skinny jeans in those sizes, so the team selected them to make the prototype as we hypothesized there wasn't much demand for larger size men's jeans. ​​​​​​​
The challenge with upcycling is the limited workable area within a garment. (as shown in the above diagram) Your final design can help determine the usable space for making your upcycled product. Depending on your project, style, and aesthetic, it is possible to use the entire pair of jeans without producing any waste. Proper planning and imagination can help to maximize usage. The workable area can vary based on your design goals. Always have a detailed sketch with measurements before starting.

4) Prototyping
The goal for making this prototype is to use one pair of jeans per apron, so the size of the apron panels needed to fit inside 10" leg panels. That will yield enough materials for facings and other details. As a first step, wash and prepare the jeans to be dissected, cutting as close to the serged side seams as possible until the usable area separates from the rest of the jeans. You can employ various methods of dissecting a garment based on your needs and design. You can give your apron a fresher look by reversing the denim to use the backside as the front. The inside of the jeans always appears to be cleaner and resembling new materials.

The denim leg seams don’t often get used as they are bulky and hard to sew with typical home machines. Since these aprons have ties, I experimented with using the seams as the apron ties as I have saved a bag full of them from previous upcycle projects. The esthetic matches with the reverse seams of the apron body, creating a deconstruction look. Using the jean seams increases the percentage of upcycled material in this apron closer to 90%.

5) Sourcing + Production: A collaborative effort​​​​​​​
Sourcing usually requires a lot of time, mainly searching for preloved garments in bulk. Luckily there are more and more startups specializing in textile and clothing rescue. The ladies from  Gem City Apron approached Helpsy to inquire about large men’s jeans. Little did we know, the fantastic team from Helpsy said they were excited about finding buyers for their big-sized jeans and were excited to start this partnership. 
Production of the aprons was done at Sew Valley in Cincinnati, as they did a fantastic job with each apron. When finding the right manufacturers, you should always ask the right questions and ensure their sustainable practices align with your mission.
6) What to do with textile scraps?

Upcycling isn’t perfect, as it does yield some waste. Luckily, many startups accept fabric scrap as donations — as they are used as home insulation—all scraps from this prototype donated to Goodwill's textile recycling program.
The ladies at Gem City Apron donated their production scraps to Cotton Inc’s Blue Jean Go Green program as they provide many ways to give your denim. I was also a lucky recipient of all the back pockets for my next upcycling project!
There are many ways to disposing of textile waste, as more local businesses are offering recycling programs. Always check your local thrift store for assistance, or better yet, search for "textile recycling programs near me" to find local businesses providing those services.

Here are some additional places to check out for recycling unwanted textiles. 
SMART Secondary Materials and Recycled Textiles - Is the leading industry voice promoting high standards and best practices for reusing and recycling textiles and related secondary materials. Their members reduce solid waste by collecting, reclaiming, and “close the loop” by processing, reusing, converting, and distributing these recyclables.
RecycledNOW UK - Recycle Now is the national recycling campaign for England, supported and funded by the Government, managed by WRAP, and used locally by over 90% of English authorities. This service helped make recycling easier. More than 60% of the people now describe themselves as committed recyclers, compared to less than half when the campaign began in 2004
Wearables Collections NYC - Since 2004, they have been creating accessible hubs for clothing collection in NYC and keep over 95% of what's collected out of the landfill, giving millions of clothing items a second life.
TerraCycle Fabrics and Clothing Zero Waste Box™- You will need to order boxes from them, Small $104 - Large $313; it's worth it as you'll be 100% sure they are not going to landfills. The collected fabrics are segregated into their respective categories (such as nylons, cotton, etc.) and then either reused, upcycled, or recycled as appropriate. Check to see if they will accept from​​​​​​​ your country​​​​​​​
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